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creates challenges in the measurement of sexual desire and in the diagnosis of sexual desire disorders.
Many researchers seek to assess sexual desire through examining self-reported data and observing the frequency of participants’ sexual behaviour.
However, some argue that although sociocultural factors are very influential over the experience of sexual desire, they don’t play a large role until after biological initially influences desire.
It is the integrations of and interaction between multiple approaches and disciplines that will allow us the most comprehensive understanding of human sexuality from all angles.
Properly defining sexual desire is always a challenge as it can be conceptualized in many different ways.
One must take into account the definition used by clinicians in the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual IV-TR (DSM-IV-TR) as well as what men and women understand their own desire to be.
However, members of all species (including humans) will not seek to engage in sexual activity with any conspecific, since attraction plays a large role in sexual desire.
Incentive motivation theory exists under this framework.
Sexual desire can manifest itself in more than one way; it is a “variety of different behaviours, cognitions, and emotions, taken together”. Females on the other hand remain flexible throughout their life cycle.
This is seen especially in postmenopausal women who have low levels of testosterone.
Doses of testosterone given to women transdermally have been found to improve levels of sexual desire and sexual functioning.
Rather, it is something that persists through arousal and orgasm and can even persist after orgasm.
Although orgasm might make it difficult for a man to maintain his erection or woman continue with vaginal lubrication, sexual desire can persist nevertheless.